Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Plantago major
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Plantaginaceae -- The Plantain Family Bibliography
      Plantago major

Common name(s): plantain, broad-leaved plantain, common plantain, kuhekili, laukahi
General Information
DistributionNative to Europe and northern and central Asia, now virtually cosmopolitan.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Midway, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Perennial herbs, roots fibrous, primarily adventitious, caudex short.
Leaves basal, ovate to broadly ovate or broadly elliptic, 3-40 cm long, 2-12(-15) cm wide, 5-7-nerved, glabrous to sparsely pilose at least on veins, rarely moderately pilose, margins usually with a few blunt teeth, base abruptly cuneate, petioles 2-18 cm long.
Scapes 6-40 cm long, spikes 2.5-25 cm long, glabrous to sparsely pilose, flowers relatively crowded, bracts elliptic, 2.5-3 mm long, usually glabrous; sepals subequal, distinct, ovate to suborbicular, 2-2.5 mm long, glabrous; corolla lobes spreading, lanceolate, 1.2-1.6 mm long; ovary with 6-16 ovules.
Capsules ellipsoid to oblong-ellipsoid, (1.5-)2-3 mm long, dehiscent at or slightly below middle.
Seeds 6-16, dark brown, irregular, ca. 1 mm long.
2n = 12, 18, 24, 36