|Dicotyledon|| Literature for Passiflora edulis
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
|Passifloraceae -- The Passion Flower Family||Bibliography|
Common name(s): passion flower, liliko`i, passion fruit, purple granadilla, purple water lemon
|Distribution||Native to Brazil, widely cultivated for the succulent aril used to make passion fruit juice and other sweet food products.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.|
||Large lianas with grooved stems.
||Leaves shiny, blades usually 6-18 cm long, 7-20 cm wide, deeply 3-lobed, lateral lobes lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, central one usually elliptic, sometimes some leaves unlobed and ovate, glabrous, petioles with 2 paired globose nectaries 1-1.5 mm long at apex, stipules linear-lanceolate, 6-10 mm long.
||Flowers white tinged lavender, pendent, campanulate, up to 9 cm in diameter, peduncles solitary or paired, bracts ovate, 1.8-2.5 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide; hypanthium 0.4-0.9 cm long; corona purple at base, white at apex, filamentous, 1.2-2 cm long.
||Berries yellow to reddish or green to greenish purple at maturity, globose, 5-9 cm in diameter, aril orange to yellow.
||2n = 18*