|Dicotyledon|| Literature for Opuntia ficus-indica
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
|Cactaceae -- The Cactus Family||Bibliography|
Common name(s): prickly pear, panini, papipi
|Distribution||Native range unknown, although most likely Mexico, cultivated since ancient times, and now widely escaped and naturalized in warm parts of the world.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Kaho`olawe, Hawai`i.|
||Trees 3-5 m tall, with a definite trunk; joints dull green or gray when fresh, broadly obovate, 25-60 cm long, 20-40 cm wide, margins more or less entire.
||Areoles spineless or with 1-6 white or yellowish spines 1-3 cm long.
||Flowers 6-7 cm long, 5-7 cm in diameter; outer perianth parts yellow with a green or reddish median stripe, 10-20 mm long, 15-20 mm wide, inner perianth parts yellow to orangish yellow, rotate, 25-30 long, 15-20 mm wide; staminal filaments yellow; style greenish, ca. 15 mm long; stigma lobes 8-10.
||Berries greenish white to yellow, yellowish brown, or reddish purple, depending on the strain, fleshy, barrel-shaped, 5-10 cm long, 4-9 cm in diameter.
||2n = 22, 33, 44, 66, 88