|Monocotyledon|| Literature for Juncus bufonius
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
|Juncaceae -- The Rush Family||Bibliography|
Common name(s): bog rush, rush, common rush, toad rush
|Distribution||This cosmopolitan, extremely variable species was probably originally native to Eurasia, North Africa, and North America.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Maui, Hawai`i.|
||Annual herbs; stems green, slender, terete, 0.5-4 dm long, usually tufted, branched from base.
||Leaves few per stem, blades flat to subterete, 3-15 cm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, sheaths with hyaline margins, not prolonged into auricles.
||Flowers pale green, solitary, in upper 1/3-1/2 of plant, forming leafy, compound, dichasial cymes, lowest bract leaf-like, each flower subtended by 2 hyaline bracteoles, some flowers cleistogamous; outer perianth parts 4-7 mm long, apex acute to acuminate, inner ones shorter than outer ones, apex acute to subacute, sometimes emarginate and mucronate, all with hyaline margins; stamens (3)6; anthers shorter than to longer than filaments.
||Capsules 3-celled, 3-5 mm long, apex and base acute to rarely truncate.
||Seeds brown, obliquely obovoid to ellipsoid-truncate, minutely reticulate, 0.3-0.5 mm long, without appendages.
||Many numbers reported, from 2n = 30 to 2n = 120