Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Literature for Fragaria chiloensis
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Rosaceae -- The Rose Family Bibliography
      Fragaria chiloensis
General Information
DistributionNative to the Pacific coast of North America from Alaska to California, disjunct in South America from Chile to Argentina and the Juan Fernández and Hawaiian islands.
Perennial herbs from stout scaly rhizomes usually 1-4 cm long, also producing long stolons.
Leaves somewhat coriaceous, leaflets 2.1-5(-6) cm long, 1.2-3.5 cm wide, upper surface with conspicuously impressed veins, glabrous or with a few scattered long hairs, lower surface densely silky long-strigose, margins coarsely serrate, sometimes only in upper 2/3, lateral petiolules 0.2-0.8 cm long, the terminal ones 0.2-1(-2.5) cm long, petioles (3-)12-16(-21) cm long, densely long-strigose, stipules brownish, 1-1.6 cm long.
Flowers 1 to several, scapes usually ca. 1/2 as long as petioles at anthesis, apparently elongating after anthesis to nearly as long as petioles, pedicels usually 20-50 mm long; epicalyx lobes narrowly lanceolate, (3-)5-6 mm long, densely silky long-strigose; sepals lanceolate, ca. 7-8 mm long, enlarging to 9-10 mm long in fruit, densely silky long-strigose; petals white, broadly obovate, 8-11 mm long.
Fruit red, broadly conical, ca. 1-1.5 cm long, hirsutulous, achenes ca. 1.5 mm long, slightly embedded in shallow pits of the receptacle.
2n = 56*