Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Monocotyledon Literature for Festuca rubra
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Poaceae -- The Grass Family Bibliography
      Festuca rubra

Common name(s): fescue, red fescue
General Information
DistributionNative to Eurasia and North Africa, widely used as a pasture and turf grass.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Maui, Hawai`i.

Elevation820-3050 m
Perennials, occasionally producing short, delicate rhizomes; culms loosely tufted, red-tinged or purple-tinged at base, erect to ascending, 4.5-10 dm tall, glabrous.
Sheaths 3-4 cm long, striate, usually glaucous; ligule ca. 0.5 mm long; blades 8-17 cm long, usually involute, sparsely scabrous on margins and at the acute apex.
Inflorescences paniculate, 3-20 cm long, usually narrow and contracted, with erect or ascending branches 2-4 mm long; spikelets usually pale green or glaucous, often purple-tinged, 4-7-flowered, 10-15 mm long (including awns), rachilla scabrous; glumes attenuate, sparsely scabrous on upper 1/2 of keel, first glume 2.5-3 mm long; palea 4-5 mm long, keels scabrous, apex acute.
Caryopsis pale brown, oblong, 3-4 mm long, dorsally compressed and sulcate.
2n = 14, 28, 35, 42-44, 46, 47, 49, 53, 55, 56, 60, 63, 64, 68-70