Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Monocotyledon Literature for Festuca myuros
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Poaceae -- The Grass Family Bibliography
      Festuca myuros

Common name(s): annual fescue, rat tail fescue
General Information
DistributionNative to Europe, now widely naturalized.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Midway, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Elevation580-3050 m
Annuals; culms solitary or several and loosely tufted, erect or ascending from a decumbent base, 1.5-5(-7) dm tall, lower nodes geniculate, glabrous.
Sheaths glabrous; ligule erose-ciliate, 0.2-0.6 mm long, usually longer on the sides; blades filiform or linear, involute, upper surface scabrous, lower surface glabrous.
Panicles usually secund, narrow, (4-)5-18(-20) cm long, with ascending or appressed branches, the lower branches often widely spaced and enclosed in the upper sheath; spikelets 3-5-(-8)-flowered; glumes thin, strongly unequal, glabrous, first glume sometimes scale-like, 0.3-1.5 mm long, 1-nerved, second glume lanceolate, 2.5-5.5 mm long, 1-3-nerved; lemmas linear-lanceolate, 4.5-7.5 mm long, scabrous to puberulent, ± long-ciliate toward apex, produced into awns 8-15(-17) mm long.
Caryopsis dark brown, linear, strongly dorsiventrally compressed, ventrally convex, 3.5-4 mm long, coherent to the lemma and palea.
2n = 14, 28, 42