Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Pteridophyte Literature for Elaphoglossum crassifolium
Palmer, 2003.
   Dryopteridaceae Bibliography
      Elaphoglossum crassifolium

Common name(s): `ekaha, Hart's tongue fern, hoe a Maui, `ekaha, hoe a Maui
General Information
DistributionHawaiian Islands.In the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
HabitatOpen mesic woods and open wet forests to dense rain forests
Elevation300-1300 m
Terrestrial or epiphytic, medium-sized; rhizomes short-creeping, densely clothed with scales, 1-2.5 cm diameter with scales (5-10 mm diameter without scales), scales imbricate, lanceolate, 1-1.5(-2) cm long, light brown to reddish brown to black, with lighter-colored margins.
Stipes (2.5-)4-10(-27) cm long, not winged; sterile blades erect, broadly oblong-lanceolate, 16-45 cm long, thick and brittle, glabrous, tips blunt; veins reticulate, indistinct, bifurcating and anastomosing freely.
Latin crassus, thick, stout, + folium, leaf, in reference to the leathery texture of the blade.
Sally Eichhorn