Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Pteridophyte Literature for Elaphoglossum aemulum
Palmer, 2003.
   Dryopteridaceae Bibliography
      Elaphoglossum aemulum

Common name(s): `ekaha, Hart's tongue fern, hoe a Maui, `ekaha, `opeha, laukahi nunui
General Information
DistributionHawaiian Islands.In the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
HabitatMoist forests
Elevation300-1400 m
Usually epiphytic, occasionally terrestrial, medium-sized; rhizomes short-creeping, completely obscured by a dense mat of long scales, 3-6.5 cm diameter with scales (4-6 mm diam. without scales), scales 1-3 cm long, elongate-triangular, twisted, light to dark brown, with curly tips.
Stipes slender, not winged, glabrous; sterile blades oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 20-45 cm long, coriaceous, glabrous, tips rounded to apiculate; fertile blades narrowly elliptic to linear, apex acute; veins parallel and free.
Latin aemulus, rivaling, vying with, equaling.
Sally Eichhorn