|Monocotyledon|| Literature for Dactylis glomerata
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
|Poaceae -- The Grass Family||Bibliography|
Common name(s): orchard grass, cocksfoot
|Distribution||Native to Europe, now widely cultivated and naturalized.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Maui, Hawai`i.|
||Tufted perennials; culms 15-140 cm tall, erect or spreading, slender to stout, the vegetative shoots strongly compressed.
||Sheaths strongly compressed and keeled; ligule oblong-ovate, 4-8 mm long, fimbriate-lacerate; blades 10-45 cm long, 2-14 mm wide, folded, glabrous.
||Inflorescences paniculate, oblong to ovate, 2-30 cm long, the branches closely spaced, usually the lower
ones distant and without spikelets; spikelets oblong or cuneate, 5-9 mm long, aggregated in compact fascicles; glumes lanceolate to ovate, 3-6 mm long, 1-nerved, keel ciliate, first glume 2-6 mm long, second glume 3-7 mm long; lemmas lanceolate to oblong in side view, 4-7 mm long, keel ciliate or scabrous, apex with a rigid awn up to 1.5 mm long; palea lanceolate.
||Caryopsis loosely enclosed by lemma and palea, ellipsoid to lanceoloid-ellipsoid, ca. 3 mm long.
||2n = 14, 27-31, 42