Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Pteridophyte Literature for Cyrtomium caryotideum
Palmer, 2003.
   Dryopteridaceae Bibliography
      Cyrtomium caryotideum

Common name(s): `ahina kuahiwi, ka`ape`ape
General Information
DistributionIts native range includes the Himalayas, southern India, Japan, southern China, and Taiwan.In the Hawaiian Islands, indigenous to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Dryopteridaceae - Cyrtomium caryotideum Dryopteridaceae - Cyrtomium caryotideum

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
HabitatMesic forests to montane wet forests and mesic shrublands
Elevation300-2100 m
Rhizomes decumbent, covered with persistent stipe bases.
Fronds erect to spreading, 25-50 cm long; stipe grooved, straw-colored, 1/3-1/2 frond length, scales at base sparse, dark, paler, distally sparser and scattered; blade 1-pinnate, oblong, chartaceous, terminal pinnae larger, wider, deeply cleft to lobed; rachises fibrillose; pinnae 3-6(-7) pinna pairs, ovate-lanceolate to falcate, pale green abaxially, light to medium green adaxially, adaxial surface slightly glossy to dull (especially when dried), hastate, bases biauriculate with upper auricles usually more prominent, margin finely serrate to dentate, apex acuminate, opposite at base, alternate distally, short-stalked; veins inconspicuous, reticulate, forming areoles with included veins.
Sori plentiful on included veins in areoles; indusia round, peltate.
Specific name possibly derived from the palm genus Caryota, the fishtail palms, and the Latin diminutive suffix - idium, alluding to the small fishtail palm appearance of the plants.
Sally Eichhorn