Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Coprosma foliosa
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Rubiaceae -- The Coffee Family Bibliography
      Coprosma foliosa
General Information
DistributionIn the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui.

Rubiaceae - Coprosma foliosa Rubiaceae - Coprosma foliosa

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
Dioecious, scandent shrubs or small trees 1-8 m tall; stems many-branched or with a few short branches in scandent forms, younger ones puberulent to glabrous, rarely (Kaua`i, East Maui) pilose.
Leaves opposite, closely spaced or widely so in scandent forms, chartaceous, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic, or oblanceolate, 20-110 mm long, 5-30 mm wide, pinnately veined, glabrous or upper surface sparsely puberulent along midrib, lower surface glabrous or sparsely puberulent along midrib and occasionally also on lateral veins, rarely (East Maui, perhaps only on young shoot) sparsely pilose and margins ciliate, apex acuminate to acute, occasionally obtuse or rounded, base cuneate to attenuate, petioles 3-23 mm long, upper side puberulent or glabrous, rarely (East Maui) pilose, stipules narrowly deltate, 1.5-4 mm long, connate 1/4-1/2 their length, glabrous or base puberulent, margins short-pilose and without appendages, or rarely (East Maui and Ko`olau Mts., O`ahu) densely so and ± with a small appendage, inner face ± strigose, apex acute, with an appendage, ± surrounded by a tuft of hairs.
Flowers 1-3 per cluster, 6-10-merous, peduncles 3-15 mm long, glabrous or puberulent, pedicels 0(-8) mm long; staminate flowers with calyx cup-shaped, 0.5-1(-2) mm long, irregularly toothed, occasionally only few-toothed, teeth ± whitish ciliate, corolla funnelform, 4-7(-7.5) mm long, the lobes 1.5-5 mm long; pistillate flowers with calyx cup-shaped or urceolate, 0.7-1.2 mm long, irregularly toothed, corolla narrowly funnelform, 2.2-5 mm long, the lobes 1-2 mm long.
Fruit bright orange to reddish orange, ovoid, 6-9 mm long, apex with the inconspicuous persistent calyx.