Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Coprosma ernodeoides
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Rubiaceae -- The Coffee Family Bibliography
      Coprosma ernodeoides

Common name(s): hupilo, pilo, `aiakanene, kukaenene, leponene, nene, punene
General Information
DistributionIn the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
Dioecious, many-branched, prostrate, trailing shrubs; stems sometimes rooting at the nodes, usually 2-3 m long, with numerous short, ascending, lateral branches usually less than 20 cm long, younger ones angled, hispidulous.
Leaves opposite, very closely spaced, appearing fasciculate due to clusters of leaves on short lateral branches 1 to several cm long, glossy, coriaceous and stiff, linear-lanceolate, 6-13 mm long, 1.5-3(-4) mm wide, only midrib prominent, glabrous, margins hispidulous or glabrous, apex pungent, sessile, stipules adnate to leaves forming a truncate, stipular cup ca. 1.5 mm high, margins hispidulous and ± dentate with a few small appendages.
Flowers solitary, terminal, 4-merous, sessile; staminate flowers with calyx absent, corolla narrowly campanulate, 8-9 mm long; pistillate flowers with calyx 4-toothed, (1.7-)2-2.7 mm long, corolla tubular, 5-6 mm long, style branches ca. 8-20 mm long.
Fruit glossy black, ovoid, 8-13 mm long, apex with persistent calyx teeth.
2n = 220* (also reported parenthetically 185*, 192*, 223*)