Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Coccinia grandis
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Cucurbitaceae -- The Gourd Family Bibliography
      Coccinia grandis

Common name(s): ivy gourd, scarlet-fruited gourd
General Information
DistributionNative to Africa, Asia, and Australia.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Midway, O`ahu, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.
















Habit
Dioecious, climbing perennial herbs with a tuberous rootstock producing annual stems up to several m long, hispid.
Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate in outline with a basal sinus, blades 3-10 cm long, 4-10 cm wide, 5-angled to palmately 3-7-lobed, the lobes shallow to deep and lobulate, upper surface glabrate, lower surface hispid and bearing 3-8 glands near attachment of petiole and major vein branchings, margins denticulate, apex obtuse, mucronate, petioles 1-3 cm long, tendrils unbranched.
Flowers
Male flowers solitary, rarely in axillary clusters of 2-3, pedicels 15-50 mm long, calyx lobes subulate, recurved, 2-5 mm long, corolla lobes white, ovate, 15-20 mm long; female flowers solitary on stalks 10-30 mm long, hypanthium 10-15 mm long.
Fruit
Fruit red, ovoid to ellipsoid, 25-60 mm long, 15-35 mm in diameter, glabrous, on stalks 10-40 mm long, pulp red.
Seeds
Seeds tan, 6-7 mm long, margins thickened.
Chromosomes
2n = 24