Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Monocotyledon Literature for Chloris virgata
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Poaceae -- The Grass Family Bibliography
      Chloris virgata

Common name(s): fingergrass, feather fingergrass
General Information
DistributionNative to the Neotropics, now widely naturalize.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kure, Midway, Ni`ihau, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Kaho`olawe, Hawai`i.

Poaceae - Chloris virgata Poaceae - Chloris virgata















Habit
Annuals; culms erect or geniculately ascending, up to 10 dm tall, occasionally rooting at lower nodes.
Leaves
Basal sheaths strongly keeled and often flabellate, glabrous; ligule inconspicuous, membranous, ca. 0.5 mm long; blades flat, 10-30 cm long, 2-6 mm wide, tapering at apex, upper surface scabrous, lower surface glabrous.
Flowers
Inflorescences of 4-12 digitate, erect to spreading, white to yellowish brown, feathery spikes 2-10 cm long, axils silky villous; spikelets crowded, (2)3-flowered; first glume 1.5-2.5 mm long, second glume 2.5-4.5 mm long, apex ± with a short awn-point; first lemma obliquely obovate in side view, 2.5-4 mm long, margins and keel ciliate, apex with a crown of hairs 1.5-4 mm long, awn 5-15 mm long, callus rounded, pilose; palea lanceolate, ca. 0.3 mm long, 2-nerved, apical margin ciliate; second lemma slightly projecting from the side of the fertile lemma, oblong, 2-2.5 mm long, glabrous, with an awn 5-12 mm long; apical lemma an awnless clavate scale 0.5-1.2 mm long.
Fruit
Caryopsis golden, cylindrical, 1.5-2 mm long.
Chromosomes
2n = 14, 20, 26, 30, 36