|Pteridophyte|| Literature for Adiantum capillus-veneris
Common name(s): `iwa`iwa, maidenhair ferns, `iwa`iwa, `iwa`iwa hawai, `iwa`iwa kahakaha, maidenhair fern, Venus' hair fern
|Distribution||Worldwide in tropical or subtropical regions; commonly grown in horticulture.In the Hawaiian Islands, indigenous to Ni`ihau, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.|
|Habitat||Shaded rock banks, coastal seeps, and in sea caves|
||Terrestrial or epipetric, delicate, on shady banks; rhizomes short-creeping, covered with tan scales.
||Fronds erect to spreading, 15-50 cm long; stipe dark brown to purplish black, glabrous, shiny; blade 1- to 3-pinnate, regularly pinnately divided, lanceolate to ovate; ultimate segments fan-shaped, membranous, lower margins wedge-shaped with centrally attached pinnule stalks, outer margins rounded, finely toothed, often shallowly to deeply irregularly lobed; veins extending into marginal teeth, except for those ending in sori.
||Sori 3-7 per segment, bar-shaped at tips of lobes.
||Latin capillus, hair, + Venereus, of Venus.