Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

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FL Scrub Jay   Sea Turtle

Key to Listing Status

E Endangered: According to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
T Threatened: According to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, any species which is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.
T1 Threatened due to similarity of appearance
CE Commercially Exploited
SSC Florida State Species of Special Concern

Note: These species are listed by the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission under one or more of the following criteria:

1: Species has a significant vulnerability to habitat modification, environmental alteration, human disturbance, or human exploitation which, in the foreseeable future, may result in its becoming a threatened species unless appropriate protective or management techniques are initiated or maintained.

2: Species may already meet certain criteria for designation as a threatened species, but for which conclusive data are limited or lacking.

3: Species may occupy such an unusually vital or essential ecological niche that, should it decline significantly in numbers or distribution, other species would be adversely affected to a significant degree.

4: Species has not sufficiently recovered from past population depletion.

5: Species occurs as a population either intentionally introduced or being experimentally managed to attain specific objectives, and the species of special concern prohibitions in Rule 68A-27.002, F.A.C., shall not apply to species so designated, provided that the intentional killing, attempting to kill, posession or sale of such species is prohibited.

Species Name Common Name FL State Status US Federal Status


Acrostichum aureum Golden Leather Fern T ---
Argusia gnaphalodes Sea Rosemary E ---
Asimina tertramera Four-petal Pawpaw E E
Cladonia perforata Cup Lichen E E
Conradina grandiflora Largeflower False Rosemary T ---
Dicerandra immaculata Lakela's Mint E E
Halophila johnsonii Johnson's Seagrass --- T
Harrisia fragrans Caribbean Apple Cactus E E
Opuntia stricta Erect Prickly Pear T ---
Osmunda regalis Royal Fern CE ---
Polygala smallii Tiny Polygala E E
Tillandsia balbisiana Northern Needleleaf T ---
Tillandsia fasciculata Giant Airplant E ---
Tillandsia utriculata Spreading Airplant E ---
Warea carteri Carter's Mustard E E


Acipenser brevirostrum Shortnose Sturgeon E E
Pristis pectinata Smalltooth Sawfish E E
Rivulus marmoratus Mangrove Rivulus SSC 1 ---

Reptiles & Amphibians

Alligator mississippiensis American Alligator SSC 1, 3 T1
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle T T
Chelonia mydas Green Sea Turtle E E
Crocodylus acutus American Crocodile E T
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Sea Turtle E E
Drymarchon couperi Eastern Indigo Snake T T
Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata Atlantic Hawksbill Sea Turtle E E
Gopherus polyphemus Gopher Tortoise T ---
Lepidochelys kempii Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle E E
Lithobates capito Gopher Frog SSC 1, 2 ---
Macrochelys temminckii Alligator Snapping Turtle SSC 1 ---
Nerodia clarkii taeniata Atlantic Salt Marsh Snake T T
Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus Florida Pine Snake SSC 2 ---


Aphelocoma coerulescens Florida Scrub Jay T T
Aramus guarauna Limpkin SSC 1 ---
Athene cunicularia Burrowing Owl SSC 1 ---
Campephilus principalis Ivory-billed Woodpecker E E
Caracara cheriway Crested Caracara T T
Charadrius melodus Piping Plover T T
Dendroica kirtlandii Kirtland's Warbler E E
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron SSC 1, 4 ---
Egretta rufescens Reddish Egret SSC 1, 4 ---
Egretta thula Snowy Egret SSC 1 ---
Egretta tricolor Tricolored Heron SSC 1, 4 ---
Eudocimus albus White Ibis SSC 2 ---
Falco sparverius paulus Southeastern American Kestrel T ---
Grus canadensis pratensis Florida Sandhill Crane T ---
Haematopus palliatus American Oystercatcher SSC 1, 2 ---
Mycteria americana Wood Stork E E
Pelecanus occidentalis Brown Pelican SSC 1 ---
Picoides borealis Red-cockaded Woodpecker SSC E
Platalea ajaja Roseate Spoonbill SSC 1, 4 ---
Rostramus sociabilis plumbeus Everglade Snail Kite E E
Rynchops niger Black Skimmer SSC 1 ---
Sterna antillarum Least Tern T ---
Sterna dougallii Roseate Tern T T


Oryzomys palustris natator Silver Rice Rat E ---
Peromyscus polinotus niveiventris Southeastern Beach Mouse T T
Podomys floridanus Florida Mouse SSC 1 ---
Trichechus manatus latirostris Florida Manatee E E
Ursus americanus floridanus Florida Black Bear T ---


CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Endangered Species Act of 1973. Public Law 93-205. United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Endangered & Threatened Species in Florida. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Species Reports. Environmental Conservation Online System.

Florida Regulated Plant Index. 5B-40.0055. Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.

Florida's Endangered & Threatened Species List. May 2011. Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission.

Florida's Federally Listed Plant Species. Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services. Florida Forest Service.

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