Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Terminalia catappa
Lorence & Wagner, 2020.
   Combretaceae -- The Indian Almond Family Bibliography
      Terminalia catappa

Common name(s): false kamani, Indian almond, kamani `ula, kamani haole, tropical almond
General Information
DistributionNative to Malesia, widely planted in tropical regions.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Tree, 8‒25 m tall; branches conspicuously whorled, trunk sometimes buttressed.
Leaves short-petiolate; blade broadly obovate, (10‒)20‒43 cm long, (6‒)12‒21 cm wide, brown puberulent, at least when young, apex acuminate to emarginate, base narrowly cordate or cuneate, dark green, glossy, in pseudowhorls, crowded toward the ends of the branches, young growth whitish to brown puberulent; petiole 1‒2 cm long.
Inflorescences in 1 to several spikes near the tips of the branches, each spike 10‒25 cm long, perfect flowers few, at base of spike. Perfect flowers with calyx tube distinctly narrowed above ovary, calyx teeth 1‒1.5 mm long; staminate flowers apparently on slender pedicel 1.5‒2.5 mm long, but actually the receptacle with an aborted ovary.
Fruit green, sometimes tinged red, ellipsoid to obovoid-ellipsoid, somewhat compressed, (3.5‒)4.6‒8 cm long, (2.5‒)3.5‒4.5 cm wide, narrowly winged along lateral margins, pericarp corky, fibrous.
2n = 24.
Nancy Khan