Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Solanum pseudocapsicum
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Solanaceae -- The Nightshade Family Bibliography
      Solanum pseudocapsicum

Common name(s): nightshade, tomato, Jerusalem cherry
General Information
DistributionProbably native to eastern Argentina, but widely and early cultivated as an ornamental and now naturalized in many warm temperate and tropical areas worldwide.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on O`ahu, Moloka`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Erect shrubs up to 1.5 m tall, unarmed, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with simple or dendritic hairs on young growth, later glabrate.
Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic to lanceolate, often 5-8 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide, margins entire, often undulate, apex acute to acuminate, base cuneate and somewhat decurrent to petiole, petioles 5-12 mm long.
Flowers perfect, actinomorphic, solitary or few on short common peduncles 5-10 mm long, often leaf-opposed, pedicels ca. 1 cm long; calyx tubular, 2-3 mm long, the lobes long-triangular, 2-3 mm long; corolla white, rotate-stellate, ca. 1 cm long; stamens inserted near base of corolla tube; filaments ca. 0.5 mm long, glabrous; anthers oblong, ca. 2 mm long, opening by apical slits; ovary globose; style 1, erect, exceeding anthers; stigma terminal.
Berries 1-2 developing per cyme, bright orangish red, succulent, globose, erect on pedicels, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, calyx somewhat enlarged.
2n = 24