Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Monocotyledon Literature for Schizachyrium condensatum
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Poaceae -- The Grass Family Bibliography
      Schizachyrium condensatum
General Information
DistributionNative to tropical and subtropical America.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, Hawai`i.
















Habit
Perennials; culms tufted, erect, 9-15 dm tall, unbranched in lower part, repeatedly branching above into a compound inflorescence, internodes 2-3.5 mm in diameter, glabrous, broadly elliptic in cross section, filled with white or pinkish pith, nodes inconspicuous, glabrous.
Leaves
Sheaths keeled, glabrous, rarely sparsely puberulent; ligule a firm membrane, 0.7-2 mm long, adnate to sheath margins; blades up to 40 cm long, 3-8 mm wide, glabrous, lower surface keeled, occasionally with a few hairs at throat.
Flowers
Inflorescences loose, composed of numerous solitary racemes subtended by spathes, 20-40 cm long, 3-8 cm wide, branched in upper part, peduncles 2.5-6 cm long, with up to 8 spikelet pairs, individual racemes on slender branches, spathes involute or flattened, somewhat concealing the lower spikelet pairs, 15-35 mm long, rachis internodes 4-6 mm long, widened upward, conspicuously ciliate on the edges, pedicels 3.6-5.5 mm long; sessile spikelets narrowly ovate, 4.5-5 mm long, callus blunt, minutely bearded, hidden by the hollow apex of the rachis internode, glumes subequal, as long as the spikelet, first glume slightly convex on the back, with 2 submarginal keels, apex slightly bidentate, second glume slightly shorter than first glume, 1-nerved, strongly keeled, the keel scabrous, first lemma 3.2-3.8 mm long, hyaline, ciliolate on the margins, apex acute, second lemma hyaline, apex deeply bifid, ciliolate, awned, the awn dark brown and strongly twisted below, the exserted portion above the bend straight or loosely twisted, ca. 10 mm long, palea absent; pedicellate spikelet sterile, usually 1-2 mm long, awn straight, up to 2 mm long.
Fruit
Caryopsis amber, linear-cylindrical, 2.5-2.8 mm long.
Chromosomes
2n = 20