Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Schefflera actinophylla
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Araliaceae -- The Ginseng Family Bibliography
      Schefflera actinophylla

Common name(s): umbrella tree, octopus tree
General Information
DistributionNative to Australia and New Guinea, widely cultivated outdoors as an ornamental in other tropical areas and indoors in many temperate regions.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Trees, occasionally epiphytic, 10-15 m tall.
Leaflets 5-18, subcoriaceous, elliptic to obovate, the largest ones 15-30 cm long, apex caudate-acuminate to rounded or emarginate, petioles (20-)35-60 cm long, stipules caudate, 5-10 cm long.
Flowers perfect, sessile, 8-12 in heads, these numerous on stiff spreading branches 40-80 cm long, inflorescence bright pinkish red throughout, paniculate, peduncles 5-15 mm long; ovary 8-30-carpellate; styles connate to form a truncate, conical stylopodium; stigmas sessile, forming a ring.
Fruit a drupe, dark purple to black at maturity, concrescent in subglobose multiple fruits.
2n = 24, 48