Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon
   Lamiaceae -- The Mint Family Bibliography
      Salvia coccinea

Common name(s): sage, liliehua, scarlet sage, Texas sage
General Information
DistributionNative from southeastern United States and Texas south to South America, now widely naturalized.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.
















Habit
Annual or perhaps short lived perennial herbs; stems ascending to erect, 5-10 dm long, conspicuously hispid and puberulent in lines.
Leaves
Leaves deltate ovate, 2-7 cm long, 0.8-3 cm wide, upper surface moderately puberulent, lower surface pale, densely puberulent, becoming tomentose, margins crenate serrate, sometimes lower leaves long ciliate, apex acute, base truncate to subcordate, petioles 0.5-2.3 cm long.
Flowers
Flowers (1)3-6 in verticillasters, these arranged in terminal, racemose inflorescences, bracts lanceolate, 3-6 mm long, margins long ciliate, caducous; calyx often tinged purple, 6-9 mm long, cleft nearly 1/2 its length, short hirtellous; corolla scarlet, tube 13-17 mm long, upper lip 3.5-5 mm long; stamens exserted ca. 3-4 mm beyond corolla tube.
Fruit
Nutlets ca. 2.5 mm long.
Chromosomes
2n = 20, 22.