Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
   Anacardiaceae -- The Mango Family Bibliography
      Rhus sandwicensis

Common name(s): sumac, neleau, neneleau
General Information
DistributionAll major Hawaiian Islands.In the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
Small trees 3-8 m tall, with milky sap, producing numerous suckers from spreading roots to form dense patches; stems with prominent lenticels.
Leaves green on upper surface, lower surface paler, young leaves often red, odd pinnately compound with (2)3-5(6) pairs of leaflets, alternate, lateral leaflets oblong elliptic to lanceolate, (5-)7-16 cm long, 2.5-6 cm wide, the terminal leaflet ovate, very broadly elliptic to lanceolate, (5-)9-14 cm long, (2.5-)3-6(-9.5) cm wide, veins prominent on lower surface, upper surface sparsely short villous to strigillose, the hairs reddish brown, lower surface moderately to densely so, margins serrate to crenate, apex acute to acuminate, base often oblique, petioles 6-10(-17) cm long.
Flowers apparently perfect, in dense terminal panicles, densely reddish brown tomentose; sepals 5, lanceolate, ca. 1-1.5 mm long, margins ciliate; petals 5, pale yellow, elliptic, ca. 3 3.5 mm long, margins ciliate; stamens 5.
Drupes red, globose, somewhat depressed, tomentose.