Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Modiola caroliniana
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Malvaceae -- The Cacao, Linden, Mallow Family Bibliography
      Modiola caroliniana
General Information
DistributionApparently native to the American tropics and warm temperate regions, now naturalized in other parts of the world.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Maui, Hawai`i.

Malvaceae - Modiola caroliniana Malvaceae - Modiola caroliniana

Stems slender, rooting at the nodes, up to 0.5(-0.8) m long.
Leaf blades usually 1.5-6 cm long.
Pedicels filiform, usually shorter than subtending petioles; involucral bracts 3.5-5.5 mm long, up to 2.2 mm wide; calyx 4-7 mm long, accrescent and clasping in fruit; petals 5-8 mm long.
Schizocarp 7.5-10 mm in diameter, mericarps up to 4 mm long and 3.5 mm wide, awns 1-3 mm long.
Seeds 1-1.5 mm long.
2n = 18