Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Melicope hawaiensis
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Rutaceae -- The Rue Family Bibliography
      Melicope hawaiensis

Common name(s): alani, alani kuahiwi, manena, mokihana kukae moa
General Information
DistributionIn the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
Shrubs or trees 3-10 m tall, bark smooth, pale brown, new growth usually yellowish brown or reddish brown puberulent, sometimes becoming glabrate.
Leaves opposite, coriaceous, sometimes thinly so, narrowly to broadly elliptic, oblong-elliptic, or elliptic-ovate, flat or sometimes strongly revolute, 5.5-20 cm long, (2.3-)3-8 cm wide, primary lateral veins 7-18 pairs, somewhat prominent on lower surface, upper surface glabrous or midrib sometimes sparsely puberulent, lower surface glabrate to sparsely puberulent, especially along midrib, or densely tomentose, apex obtuse to rounded or sometimes subacute, ± emarginate, base cuneate to truncate or weakly cordate, petioles 12-45 mm long.
Flowers usually 3-27 in sparsely to densely puberulent or densely short-pilose, axillary cymes, peduncles 3-30(-45) mm long, pedicels 4-6 mm long, bracteoles puberulent; sepals ovate, 2.8-3.1 mm long, densely tomentulose; petals often reddish within, oblong-deltate, 4-4.5 mm long, tomentulose; ovary densely yellowish brown or golden tomentulose; style hirtellous.
Fruit 16-34 mm wide, of distinct follicles 8-17 mm long, exocarp densely golden brown to reddish brown short-pilose, the hairs sometimes yellowish green, endocarp densely pilose.
Seeds 1-2 per follicle, 4-7 mm long.