|Monocotyledon|| Literature for Liparis hawaiensis
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
|Orchidaceae -- The Orchid Family||Bibliography|
Common name(s): twayblade, `awapuhiakanaloa
|Distribution||In the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.|
||Erect, terrestrial or epiphytic perennial herbs 0.5-1.5(-3) dm tall, pseudobulbs crowded along and obscuring the rhizome, roots arising in clumps at base of pseudobulbs, completely enclosed by a series of 1 or more cataphylls and by the petiole bases, cataphylls ascending, ovate to narrowly ovate, 1-8 cm long.
||Leaves 2 per pseudobulb, pale green throughout, membranous, broadly elliptic to elliptic-ovate or rarely oblong-obovate, 4-10(-22) cm long, 2-5(-8) cm wide, midrib impressed on upper surface, prominently raised on lower surface, margins entire, apex abruptly acuminate, gradually narrowed to base.
||Flowers pale green, each one erect, in erect, terminal, racemose inflorescences (6-)15-30 cm long, peduncles stout, 4-angled; dorsal sepal ascending, linear-elliptic, 8-10 mm long, lateral sepals ascending, linear-lanceolate, 6-10 mm long; lateral petals reflexed, linear, 8-10 mm long; labellum initially erect, becoming shortly reflexed near middle, broadly obovate, 10-12 mm long, apex obtuse or slightly retuse, irregularly crenulate; column erect, 3.5-4 mm long, constricted near middle; rostellum thin, unlobed; stigma deeply recessed.
||Capsules narrowly obovoid, 1.5-2 cm long.