Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Pteridophyte Literature for Lepisorus thunbergianus
Palmer, 2003.
   Polypodiaceae Bibliography
      Lepisorus thunbergianus

Common name(s): `ekaha `akolea, pakahakaha, pua`akuhinia
General Information
DistributionNative to China, the Philippines, the Ryukyus, Taiwan, Korea, Japan. In the Hawaiian Islands, indigenous to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
HabitatDryland, to mesic, to wet forests
Elevation10-2100 m
Epiphytic, epipetric, or terrestrial, small; rhizomes short-creeping, bearing phyllopodia.
Fronds in tufts, 6-35 cm long x 0.6-1.5(-2) cm wide at widest part; stipe short, becoming winged and blending into blade; scales at base small, lanceolate, dark brown; blade simple, linear-lanceolate, thick, coriaceous, usually naked, margin entire, gradually tapering at both ends, adaxial surface somewhat shiny, dark green, abaxial surface dull, light green.
Sori round or oblong, up to 2 mm diameter, medial, alternate in single rows on either side of costae, covered by peltate paraphyses that become dark and deciduous on older fronds.
Name honors Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), Swedish botanist and plant collector who traveled and collected extensively in Japan and Java, as well as the Cape of Good Hope and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).
Sally Eichhorn