|Monocotyledon|| Literature for Hedychium coronarium
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
|Zingiberaceae -- The Ginger Family||Bibliography|
Common name(s): ginger lily, `awapuhi ke`oke`o, butterfly lily, common ginger lily, garland flower, white ginger
|Distribution||Probably native to the Himalayas and southwestern China, widely cultivated in the tropics and frequently becoming naturalized.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.|
||Coarse herbs with leafy shoots 1-2 m tall (rarely taller), rhizomes ca. 3 cm in diameter, internally pale and fragrant.
||Leaves numerous, oblong lanceolate to lanceolate, 25-60 cm long, 4-11 cm wide, upper surface glabrous, lower surface pubescent or glabrate, apex acuminate, sessile or nearly so, ligules 1.7-3 cm long, 2-lobed.
||Flowers fragrant, inflorescences erect, basically ellipsoid, 7-20 cm long, 4-8 cm wide, primary bracts green, oblong, imbricate, 3.5-5.5 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, rachis permanently concealed, cincinni 3-6-flowered, bracteoles tubular, 2/3 as long as primary bracts; calyx cylindrical, 2.5-4 cm long, glabrous; corolla white, the tube slender, 7-9 cm long, the lobes linear, 3-5 cm long; labellum showy, often centrally flushed with yellow or yellowish green, broadly obovate, abruptly clawed at base, as long as staminodes, 3.5-5.5 cm wide; stamen white, not exceeding labellum; lateral staminodes white, oblong lanceolate, 3-5 cm long.
||Capsules oblong, ca. 3 cm long and 1.5 cm wide, the valves orange within.
||Seeds bright red, elongate, ca. 4 mm long and 2.5 mm wide.
||2n = 18, 34, 51, 52, 54.