Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Fragaria vesca
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Rosaceae -- The Rose Family Bibliography
      Fragaria vesca

Common name(s): strawberry, European strawberry, sowteat strawberry, woodland strawberry
General Information
DistributionNative to Eurasia and North America, often cultivated.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, Hawai`i.

Perennial herbs from 1 to several clumped rhizomes 1-5 cm long, producing long slender stolons.
Leaves thin, leaflets ovate, obovate, or sometimes rhombic, (1-)2-8 cm long, 1-5 cm wide, upper surface bright green and sparsely appressed long-pilose, glabrate with age, lower surface glaucous and sparsely to moderately appressed silky pilose, sometimes glabrate with age, margins coarsely serrate, sometimes only in upper 1/2, lateral petiolules 0.1-0.5 cm long, the terminal ones 0.1-0.6 cm long, petioles 2-18 cm long, silky pilose (hairs retrorsely appressed or sometimes spreading), stipules brown, membranous, usually 0.8-1.7 cm long.
Scapes 5-30 cm long, about as long as or longer than leaves, erect in fruit, pedicels usually 15-20 mm long; epicalyx lobes lanceolate, 3.3-5 mm long; sepals ovate, 3.5-5 mm long, sparsely strigose; petals white, obovate, 4.5-7 mm long.
Fruit white or sometimes red, rather dry, hemispherical, 1-1.5 cm long, achenes superficially attached, 1-1.3 mm long.
2n = 14, 35