Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Diospyros sandwicensis
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Ebenaceae -- The Ebony Family Bibliography
      Diospyros sandwicensis

Common name(s): ebony, persimmon, elama, lama
General Information
DistributionIn the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
Trees 2-10(-15) m tall, often with galls on stem.
Leaves all in 1 plane, pale green, sometimes with a waxy bloom, new growth reddish, thick and coriaceous, usually lanceolate and ± falcate, occasionally elliptic or elliptic-oblong, (2.2-)3-9(-15) cm long, (0.9-)1.5-4(-8.2) cm wide, both surfaces smooth, finely and inconspicuously reticulate, the veins not especially raised, upper surface ± sparsely strigose, becoming glabrate, lower surface usually sparsely to moderately strigose, sometimes densely so along midrib of both surfaces, sometimes over whole surface when young, ± becoming glabrate, apex acute to attenuate, sometimes obtuse, petioles 0.2-0.7(-1.3) cm long, ± strigose.
Flowers solitary, sometimes the male ones in clusters of 2-5, subtended by ca. 3 broad, coriaceous, caducous, pubescent bracts; calyx coriaceous, 3-lobed, the lobes very broadly elliptic, ca. 4-5 mm long, enlarging to ca. 4-6 mm long in fruit, densely to sometimes moderately appressed pubescent, apex obtuse; corolla urceolate, erect, ca. 5-6 mm long, 3-lobed, densely appressed pubescent on back of lobes; male flowers with 12-18 stamens, ovary vestigial; female flowers with stamens absent.
Fruit yellow to reddish orange, dry, pericarp chartaceous, ellipsoid to ovoid, occasionally subglobose or rarely cylindrical-falcate, 1.2-2(-2.6) cm long, moderately puberulent, sometimes glabrate with age, usually with a whitish waxy bloom.
Seeds 1-3, dark brown, ovoid-ellipsoid when solitary, crescent-shaped when more than 1, 3-sided in cross section, 1.1-1.4 cm long.
2n = 44*, ca. 48*