Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Cyrtandra garnotiana
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Gesneriaceae -- The African Violet Family Bibliography
      Cyrtandra garnotiana

Common name(s): ha`iwale, kanawao ke`oke`o, hahala
General Information
DistributionIn the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to O`ahu.

Gesneriaceae - Cyrtandra garnotiana

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
Shrubs 1-4 m tall.
Leaves opposite, borne on upper 3-6 nodes, those of a pair unequal to subequal, asymmetrical, chartaceous, broadly elliptic, elliptic, or ovate, (6.8-)10-25(-36) cm long, 5-10(-14) cm wide, upper surface sparsely hirtellous, lower surface moderately to densely velvety short-pilose, sometimes only along veins, margins serrate or serrulate, apex acute to acuminate, base cuneate to attenuate, petioles (1.7-)3-8(-11.5) cm long.
Flowers 3-12 in branched cymes arising in the leaf axils, short-pilose throughout, peduncles stout, (15-)25-82 mm long, pedicels 10-18 mm long, elongating to 15-25(-32) mm long in fruit, bracts narrowly lanceolate or occasionally oblanceolate, (4-)7-15 mm long; calyx nearly actinomorphic, greenish white to white when fresh, 6-10(-14) mm long, cleft ca. 1/2 its length, some of the lobes slightly longer, up to ca. 4/5 calyx length, the lobes narrowly deltate to narrowly ovate, densely short-pilose, glabrous or puberulent in upper 2/3 within; corolla white, tube subcylindrical, flaring slightly at mouth, 7-14 mm long, enlarging to ca. 3-7 mm in diameter medially, moderately to densely pilose, upper lobes reniform, 1-2.5 mm long, ca. 4 mm wide, lower lobes reniform-orbicular, ca. 3-4 mm long, ca. 3.5-5 mm wide; ovary glabrous to sparsely puberulent, more densely so after anthesis; style 0.5-2.5 mm long, glabrous to sparsely puberulent.
Berries white, ovoid, 1.2-1.7 cm long, puberulent.
Seeds 0.3-0.4 mm long.
2n = 34*