Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Monocotyledon Literature for Cordyline fruticosa
Wagner et al. 1990, 1999..
   Asparagaceae Bibliography
      Cordyline fruticosa

Common name(s): ki, ti (Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands)
General Information
DistributionNative range unknown, but possibly indigenous to the Himalayas, southeastern Asia, Malesia, and northern Australia, widely spread by early human migrations.In the Hawaiian Islands, a Polynesian introduction on Ni`ihau, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Shrubs 2-3.5 m tall, stems unbranched or few branched.
Leaves green, relatively thin, lanceolate to oblong elliptic, usually 40-80 cm long, 8-16 cm wide, apex acuminate with a mucronate tip, base cuneate; petioles usually 10-18 cm long.
Flowers in paniculate inflorescences ca. 20-30 cm long, each one sessile, subtended by 3 small bracts; tepals white, the outer ones tinged pink, 8-15 mm long, becoming strongly reflexed.
Fruit rarely formed.
2n = ca. 152.
Many leaf color variants in cultivation. Fruit is rarely formed in Polynesian cultivars with large green leaves.