Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Conocarpus erectus
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Combretaceae -- The Indian Almond Family Bibliography
      Conocarpus erectus

Common name(s): button mangrove, buttonwood, sea mulberry
General Information
DistributionNative to coastal areas of the Neotropics from Florida and Mexico to Ecuador and Brazil, also in tropical western Africa.In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui.

Shrubs or trees 3-8 m tall.
Leaves chartaceous or somewhat coriaceous and somewhat fleshy, oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 2.5-9 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, ± densely silky pubescent, especially on midrib or younger leaves.
Peduncles 2-10(-15) mm long, bracts minute, tomentose; hypanthium tomentose; calyx lobes greenish white, triangular, ca. 1 mm long; stamens usually 10.
Fruit densely clustered into brownish subglobose heads 1-1.5 cm long, each one 3-3.5 mm long, recurved at apex and often with the persistent calyx.
2n = 24