|Dicotyledon|| Literature for Calophyllum inophyllum
Smith, 1981; Stevens, 1980; Lorence & Wagner, 2020.
Common name(s): Alexandrian laurel, kamani, kamanu
|Distribution||Native from eastern Africa, India, Taiwan, and Malesia to Australia and the Tuamotus.In the Hawaiian Islands, a Polynesian introduction on Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.|
||Large tree, 8–25 m tall, with milky sap, trunk massive, to 1.5 m in diameter, bark deeply fissured.
||Leaves chartaceous or somewhat coriaceous, glabrous; blade broadly elliptic to obovate-elliptic, 11–20 cm long, 5.5–9 cm wide, lateral veins arising at a 70° angle or more from midrib, apex rounded or notched; petiole 1–3 cm long.
||Inflorescences axillary, racemose or paniculate. Flowers on pedicel 2–6 cm long; 4 sepals, outer ones 4–6 mm long, inner ones reflexed and slightly longer, petaloid; petals 4(–8), white, 8–14 mm long; stamens yellow; ovary reddish purple after pollination, globose, style often S-shaped.
||Fruit green ripening yellowish brown or dark brown, broadly ellipsoid to subglobose, 2–3(–5) cm in diameter, pulp 3–5 mm thick.
||Seed subglobose-ellipsoid, 2–2.5 cm in diameter, testa with spongy outer layer 1–12 mm thick.
||2n = 32.
||This was a highly prized tree; subject of many legends and planted around marae. Seeds yield oil of tamanu, used for general skin and cosmetic purposes. The main trunk was used for canoe construction and idols.