Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Dicotyledon Literature for Asystasia gangetica
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Acanthaceae -- The Acanthus Family Bibliography
      Asystasia gangetica

Common name(s): Chinese violet, coromandel
General Information
DistributionNative to India, Malay Peninsula, and Africa, grown as a ground cover in many tropical and subtropical areas. In the Hawaiian Islands, naturalized on Midway, Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i. First collected First collected on O`ahu in 1925 [Brown 1276 (coll. Wilder), BISH]..
















HabitatIn Hawaii cultivated and commonly becoming naturalized, primarily in urban areas or in low elevation, disturbed habitats
Habit
Procumbent or scandent perennial herbs; stems 0.5-2 m long.
Leaves
Leaves ovate, 2.5-13 cm long, sparsely strigillose, especially on the veins, petioles 0.5-4.5 cm long.
Flowers
Flowers subtended by small, linear to triangular bracts 1-2 mm long, pedicels ca. 2 mm long; calyx lobes 5-7 mm long; corolla pale blue to purple, occasionally white or tinged yellow, 3-3.5 cm long, the lobes spreading.
Fruit
Capsules clavate, 2-3 cm long, with a short sterile beak 0.3-0.4 cm long, 2-lobed by protrusion of the seeds, glandular puberulent.
Seeds
Seeds 4.
Chromosomes
2n = 26, 28, 44, 48, 50, 52.