Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Monocotyledon Literature for Astelia menziesiana
Wagner et al., 1990, 1999.
   Asteliaceae Bibliography
      Astelia menziesiana

Common name(s): pa`iniu, kaluaha, pua`akuhinia
General Information
DistributionIn the Hawaiian Islands, endemic to Kaua`i, O`ahu, Moloka`i, Lana`i, Maui, Hawai`i.

Click here for detailed USGS map by Jonathan Price
Terrestrial or epiphytic, subacaulescent, rhizomatous perennial herbs.
Leaves 30-160 cm long, 1-5(-7) cm wide, parallel veins conspicuous, both surfaces with scales, those of upper surface connate and peeling off in skin-like pieces, often completely absent in old leaves, lower surface densely covered with closely appressed scales, ± densely woolly pubescent beneath scales, both scales and hairs tending to fall off with age, occasionally both surfaces essentially glabrous, densely white to brownish shaggy pubescent toward base.
Scapes (10-)20-120 cm long, usually densely shaggy pubescent; staminate flowers in racemes 3-20 cm long, pedicels 3-10 mm long, bracts 4-11 mm long, tepals green, greenish brown to yellow, rose, dark brownish maroon, or occasionally white, densely pubescent or glabrous, outer ones 4.5-8.5 mm long, inner ones 3.5-7 mm long, anthers 1-4.2 mm long, filaments (1.5-)2.2-4 mm long, pistillode 2-6 mm long; pistillate flowers in racemes 3-18 cm long, pedicels 2-5 mm long, bracts 4-9 mm long, tepals same range of colors as in staminate flowers, densely pubescent or glabrous, outer ones 3.5-7 mm long, inner ones 3.5-6 mm long, anthers not fertile, 0.4-1.3 mm long, filaments 1-2.8 mm long, ovary 4-6 mm long, style 0.5-2 mm long.
Berries orange, subglobose to ellipsoid, 5-9 mm long, 4-6 mm in diameter.
Seeds 4-14, black, irregularly ovoid to fusiform, 2.1-4.6 mm long.
2n = 60*