Flora of the Hawaiian Islands
Pteridophyte Literature for Asplenium monanthes
Palmer, 2003.
   Aspleniaceae -- The Spleenwort Family Bibliography
      Asplenium monanthes
General Information
DistributionHawaii. Its distribution also includes Mexico, Central and South America, the Caribbean, Africa, and the Azores.In the Hawaiian Islands, indigenous to Maui, Hawai`i.

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HabitatWet, shady slopes and stream banks
Elevation1000-2030 m
Terrestrial, medium-sized; rhizomes decumbent.
Fronds stiffly upright, 18-42 x 1-3 cm, occasionally proliferous on upper stipes or lower rachises; stipes close, clustered, short, 1/10-1/5 frond length, dark brown to black, shiny, scales at base lanceolate; blade 1-pinnate, long, narrow, linear-lanceolate; rachises dark brown to black, glabrous, shiny; pinnae 20-60 pairs, somewhat oblong-rectangular, strongly dimidiate, medium to dark green, coriaceous, acroscopic basal portion slightly auriculate, distal margins crenate, tips rounded or crenate, lower pinnae distant and shorter, semicircular.
Sori usually only 1 per pinna on lower margin, sometimes more, and 1-2 on upper margin; indusia thin.
Greek mono-, one, + antheros, anther, in reference to the usually single sorus on the pinnae.
Sally Eichhorn